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英语常用的62个万能句型, 学英语的你必须掌握(赶紧收藏起来)

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英语常用的62个万能句型, 学英语的你必须掌握(赶紧收藏起来)


句型1:

There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语

(There be 后面的名词是句子的主语,属倒装结构。)

There’s a boat in the river.

河里有条船。

语法:

1、There be 句型中的be 应和其后出现的补充语在数上一致,即“就近原则”,如:

There is a lamp on the table.

There are some apples in the bowl.

There are five books,two pens and a ruler in the school bag.

There is a ruler,two pens and five books in the school bag.

2、如果补语是复数名词,却表示一笔金额或一个总数或表达一个单个概念时,则仍用单数be形式,如:

There is five hundred dollars to pay.

There is still another 20 miles to drive.

There is duck and green vegetables for supper.

3、There be 中的be 有时可以是lie,stand,used to be,seem to be,appear to be 等,如:

There lies a river to the south.

There lived an old man in the small house.

There stood a temple near the river.

There used to be a castle at the foot of the hill.


句型2:

What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?

What’s wrong with your watch?

你的手表有什么毛病?


句型3:

How do you like...?

你觉得某个事物怎么样?

How do you like China?

你觉得中国怎么样?

How do you like...? 是口语中一个常用句式,主要用法有:

1. 用来询问对方的观点、看法或判断,意为:你觉得……怎么样? 如。如:

—How do you like this party?

你觉得这个晚会开得怎么样?

—Wonderful.

很棒。

要表达以上意思,有时也用 What do you think of...?

但是注意两者搭配不同。

2. 在泡茶或咖啡时,用来询问对方的要求或征求对方意见(也说 How would you like...? ),意为:你喜欢喝什么样的茶(或咖啡)? 如:

—How do you like your tea? 你喜欢喝什么样的茶?

—I like it strong. 我喜欢浓茶。

有时用于饭店等场合,询问顾客对饭菜的煮法。如:

—How would you like your steak?

你喜欢吃什么样的牛排?

—Rare.

嫩一点。

3. 表示一种厌烦或惊奇的心情,意为:真是的;那你怎么认为(想)呢? 如。如:

—My boyfriend has just told me to go on a diet.

我男朋友刚才告诉我要我节食。

—How do you like that?

那你怎么想呢?


句型4:

What do you like about...?

你喜欢某个事物哪些方面?

What do you like about China?

你喜欢中国的什么?


句型5:

had better(not)+动词原形(即不带to的不定式)

You’d better ask that policeman over there.

你最好去问问那边的那个警察。

语法:主语不论是第几人称,句子不论是什么时态,都要用had better的形式。如:

Now you/he/we had better listen to the teacher.

你(他,我们)现在最好听老师讲。


句型6:

How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语!

(how用来修饰形容词、副词或动词。)

What a/ an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!

(由"what"引导的感叹句:"what"意为"多么"用作定语,修饰名词(被强调部分))

(1)How cold it is today !

今天多冷啊!

(2)What a fine picture it is!

多美的一幅图画呀!

What a fine day it is!

转换:

What an interesting story it is!

= How interesting the story is!


句型7

Thank+sb. +for(doing)sth.

Thank you for coming to see me.

感谢你来看我。

延伸——

第一组: 表扬、尊敬、敬重、钦佩、爱慕、铭记 、提拔

1 praise/commend sb for doing sth/for sth 因…而表扬某人

2 respect sb for doing sth/for sth因…而尊敬某人

3 honor sb for doing sth/for sth因…而崇敬某人

4 admire sb for doing sth/for sth因…而钦佩某人

5 adore sb for doing sth/for sth因…而爱慕某人

6 remember sb for doing sth/for sth因…而铭记某人

7 promote sb for doing sth/for sth因…而晋升某人

第二组: 批评、责备、谴责、惩罚 、教训、逮捕、解雇、审判、管教

1 criticize sb for doing sth/for sth因…而批评某人

2 blame sb for doing sth/for sth因…而责备某人

3 scold sb for doing sth/for sth因…而责骂某人

4 condemn sb for doing sth/for sth因…而谴责某人

5 punish sb for doing sth/for sth因…而惩戒某人

6 lecture sb for doing sth/for sth因…而教训某人

7 arrest sb for doing sth/for sth 因…而逮捕某人

8 fire sb for doing sth/for sth 因…而解雇某人

9 dismiss sb for doing sth/for sth 因…而解雇某人

10 try sb for doing sth/for sth 因…而审判某人

11 discipline sb for doing sth/for sth因…而管教某人

第三组:道歉、原谅、宽恕

1 apologize to sb for doing sth/for sth因…而向某人道歉

2 forgive sb for doing sth/for sth原谅某人做了某事

3 excuse sb for doing sth/for sth谅解某人做了某事

4 pardon sb for doing sth/for sth宽恕某人做了某事

第四组:感谢、感激、酬谢、授奖、

1 thank sb for doing sth/for sth因…而感谢某人

2 appreciate sb for doing sth/for sth因…而感激某人

3 reward sb for doing sth/for sth因…而酬谢某人

4 award sb for doing sth/for sth因…而给某人颁奖

5 repay sb for doing sth/for sth因…而回报某人

第四组:支付、 收费、罚款、 补偿

1 pay sb for doing sth/for sth因…而支付某人钱

2 charge sb for doing sth/for sth因…而收某人的费/索要金钱

3 fine sb for doing sth/for sth因…而罚某人款

4 compensate sb for doing sth/for sth因…而给某人补偿

第五组:准备、报名、培训

1 prepare sb for doing sth/for sth 使某人做好某事准备

2 enter sb for doing sth/for sth 给某人报名参加某活动

3 train sb for doing sth/for sth 培训某人做某事

第六组:误认

1 mistake sb for sb 把某人误认成某人


句型8:

So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语

He is a student. So am I.

他是一个学生,我也是。

She can speak English. So can her brother.


句型9:

...not...until...

He didn’t have supper until his parents came back.

直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。

We know not what is good until we have lost it.

有的时候不爱惜,失了以后空叹息。(英语谚语)


句型10:

比较级+and+比较级

The baby cried harder and harder.

那孩子哭得越来越厉害。

Lucy becomes more and more beautiful.

It becomes warmer and warmer when spring comes.


句型11:

the +比较级,the +比较级

The more one has,the more one wants.

越有越贪。

The more,the better.

越多越好。

The older,the wiser.

姜是老的辣。


句型12:

... as +adj./ adv.+as ...

…not as(so) +adj. / adv. +as ...

(1)Do you think that art is as important as music?

你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗?

(2)Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.

上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。


句型13:

more/ less +adj.+than...

I think art is less important than music.

我认为艺术不如音乐重要。


句型14:stop…from doing sth.

The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。


句型15:both ... and ...

Both you and I are students.

我和你都是学生。

Both the movie and the play were good.

电影和剧本都很好。


句型16:either ... or...

Either you or he is wrong .

不是你错就是他错。

He must be either mad or drunk.

他不是疯了就是喝醉了。

Either he is right or I am.

或是他对,或是我对。

You are either very young or an incurable optimist.

你要么非常年轻,要么是个不可救药的乐天派。

It must be either this or that.

非此即彼。

语法:

either...or...连接两个主语时,其谓语动词应与最近的一个主语在人称和数上保持一致,即遵循"就近原则"。

Either you or I am going there tomorrow.

明天要么你去那里,要么我去那里.

either…or…除可连接两个词或短语外,有时也可连接两个句子。

如:

Either you must improve your work or I shall dismiss you.

要么你改进工作,要么我就辞退你。


句型17:neither ... nor ...

Neither he nor I am a student.

我和他都不是学生。


句型18:... as soon as ...

As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message.

我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。


句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...

I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak. 我累得连话也不想说了。


句型20:

Though...+主句

Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.

虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。

Though all the world were against me, I should still hold to my opinion.     

就算全世界都反对我,我还是坚持我的立场。

Though (he is) alone, he is happy.(可省略)

特殊用法:强调词前置——

Child though / as she was, the actress was drawing a crowd.

尽管还是个孩子,这个女演员却引起了人们的注目。(child前无冠词a)

语法:

although 和 though 用作连词时不能和but连用,但可跟yet, still 等连用。

如:

Although he lives alone, yet he is happy.

= He lives alone, but he is happy.

他虽然单独生活,但很愉快。


句型21:

be going to

This afternoon I’m going to buy a book.

今天下午我要去买本奇速英语书。

I’m going to be a teacher when I grow up.

我长大后打算成为一名老师。


句型22:

be different from

I think this is different from Chinese names.

我认为这与汉语名字不同。

He wants to push himself forward and be different from the others.

他就爱出风头,搞个人突出。


句型23:

Welcome(back)to...

Welcome back to school!

欢迎回到学校!

welcome to my life.

欢迎来到我的生活。


句型24:

have fun doing

We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.

这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。


句型25:

... because ... / ...,so ...

I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。


句型26:

Why don’t you ... / Why not ...

why don't you do sth. 表示为什么不做某事。

Why don't you,表示“为什么不”, 后接动词原形。

Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?

为什么不早点到校呢?

Why don't you have a cup of hot water?

为什么不喝一杯热水?

比较:

(1)can't wait to do sth.表示迫不及待

I can hardly wait to see him again.

我迫不及待地想再次见到他.

(2)how about 后接动词ing形式,how about doing表示“干什么,怎么样?”

How about staying at Bart's overnight?

在巴特家过夜, 你看怎么样?


句型27:

make it

Let’s make it half past nine.

让我们定在九点半吧!


句型28:

have nothing to do

They have nothing to do every day.

他们每天无所事事。


句型29:

be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.

(1)I think so, but I’m not sure.

我想是这样,但不敢确定。

(2)I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone.

我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。


句型30:

between ... and ...

There is a shop between the hospital and the school.

在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。


句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.

(1)You must keep your classroom clean.

你们必须保持教室干净。

(2)Sorry to have kept you waiting.

对不起,让你久等。

Don't keep them working day and night.

不要让他们不分白天黑夜的工作。

(3)Can you keep him in the room?

你能让他在这个房里吗?

(4)Keep them here.

让他们在这儿呆着。

Keep的短语:

keep (sb.) away (from sth.)(使)某人离开(某物)

keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

keep sth. in mind 记住(某事物)

keep sb./ sth. out (of sth.) 不让……入内

keep back 忍住(眼泪),扣下,隐瞒

keep in touch with 与……保持联系

keep (on) doing sth. 继续做某事

keep off 远离,避开,让开

keep on 穿戴着;使(灯等)一直开的

keep out 使留在外面



句型32:

find +宾语+宾补

He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .

他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

We have found him (to be) a good boy.

我们发现他是一个好男孩。


句型33:

... not ... any more/ longer

(1)The old man doesn’t travel any more.

这位老人不再旅行了。

(2)He isn’t a thief any longer.

他不再是个贼。


句型34:

What’s the weather like...?

What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

在你们家乡春天天气怎么样?


句型35:

There is no time to do/ have no time to do

(1)There was no time to think.

没有时间思考。

(2)I have no time to go home for lunch.

我没有时间回家吃午饭。


句型36:

Help oneself to...

Help yourself to some fish.

吃鱼吧!


句型37:

used to do

I used to read this kind of story books.

我过去常读这种故事书。


句型38:

borrow ... from

I borrowed a book from him.

我从他那借了一本奇速英语书。


句型39:

lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.

He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me.

他借了本故事书给我。


句型40:

have been to

Have you ever been to Haw aii?

你曾去过夏威夷吗?


句型41:

have gone to

Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington.

他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。


句型42:be famous for

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.

夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

He is famous for his great inventions.

因为他的伟大发明,他出名了。


句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句

No matter when you come,you are welcomed.

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

No matter how often they turn up, their welcome never wears out.

不管他们多久露面一次,都永远那么受欢迎。


句型44:

be afraid(of / to do / that...)

(1)I’m afraid not.

恐怕不能。

(2)Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。


句型45:

... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can

(1)I hope to see him as soon as possible.

我希望能尽快见到他。

(2)He ran here as fast as he could.

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。


句型46:

practise / enjoy / finish doing

(1)A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green.

一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。

(2)Tom enjoys playing football very much.

汤姆很喜欢踢足球。

(3)He finished reading the story book.

他看完了那本故事书。


句型47:

It’s said that ...

It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.

据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。


句型48:

Not all / everyone ...

(1)Not all sharks are alike.

并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。

(2)Not everyone likes dumplings.

并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。


句型49:

be based on

His argument is based on facts.

他的论断是以事实为根据的。


句型50:

... so that ...

Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight.

把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。


句型51:

be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...

(1)The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long.

绿色长城长7000公里。

(2)The river is about 2 metres deep.

这条河大约有2米深。

(3)The boy is about 12 years old .

这个男孩约12岁。


句型52:

keep ... from doing

The heavy rain kept us from starting out.

大雨阻止了我们出发。


句型53:

with one’s help...

With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further.

在汤姆的帮助下,我来美国深造。


句型54:

I don’t think ...

I don’t think any of them is interesting.

我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。


句型55:

What’s the population of ...?

What’s the population of Germany ?

德国的人口有多少?


句型56:

prefer to do … rather than do

They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.

他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。


句型57:

be worth (doing) …

This book is worth reading.

这本书值得读。

Those might be worth trying.

这些也许值得一试。

Well, I can go, but will it be worth while?

好吧,我可以去,不过值得吗?

That ring must be worth a fortune.

那枚戒指肯定要值好多钱。


句型58:

regard … as

They regarded their pets as members of their families.

他们把宠物视为家庭成员。

We regard as important the sentiment, therefore thousand tracks down!

我们看重感情, 所以千般追寻!

We regard health as inversely related to social class.

我们认为健康状况与社会地位成相反关系。

I regard this as a serious matter.

我认为这件事很重要。

We always regard him as a real/ true friend of us.

我们一直把他看作一位真正的朋友。

Don't regard fantasies as truth.

不要把幻想看成事实。

Don't regard me as a child.

别把我当成小孩看待。


句型59:be confident of

I’m confident of success.

我确信会成功。

辨析:

be confident of 确信;对……有信心;对……有信心;对...有信心;对……充满信心;对…有信心;对什么有信心;对......有信心;对有信心。

be confident in 在...方面有信心,在...领域有信心(指在某一个范围,方面有信心。如:在学习方面有信心be confident in study)

be confident about 其中 about是指针对某事而言有自信.


句型60:

seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语)

(1)He seems to be angry.

他似乎生气了。

(2)The house seems too noisy.

这房子似乎太吵了。

用seem(v.)用法

1.seem+adj.(形容词)

2.seem+to do+V原(动词原形)

3.It+seems/seemed+that + 从句

He seems to feel very sad.

=It seems that he feels very sad.

他看起来好像很伤心。


句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)

(1)We’re all very angry with ourselves.

我们都很生自己的气。

(2)I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.

我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。

(3)I was angry at being kept waiting.

这样一直等我很生气。

be angry with 后面常接的是人;

be angry at后面常接的是事。

例句:

Please don't be angry with me.

请不要生我的气。

Don't be angry at what I've done.

别因为我所做的事而生气。


句型62:

pay for / pay … for

(1)He paid for the book and went away.

他付完书款便离开了。

(2)I paid him £200 for the painting.

买这幅画我付了他200英镑。


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