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hope / wish / expect / want / mean用法辨析

 二维码 10

hope / wish / expect / want / mean

--Why didn’t you attend the meeting? It was very important.

--- I ______ to, but I have a high fever.

A. hoped B. wished C. meant D. expected

C

1. hope意为希望,强调主观上的希望用于表示实现可能性很大的希望

其句型是hope to do hope that

不能说hope sb to do sth

He hopes to be a doctor.

I hope she will be well again.我希望他会痊愈

2. wish 意为希望愿望,所表示的希望不太可能实现

(1) wish+to do sth.希望做某事 I wish to visit America someday.

(2) wish+sb. to d o sth.希望某人做某事

His parents wishes him to be a scientist in the future.

We wish you to be happy.

(3)wish+sb.+n/adj.祝愿某人......

I wish you success!I wish you happy!

(4)wish+that clause但愿. .....(从句要用虚拟语气)

I wish(that) I were young again.

(5)wish+sth.done希望(别人)做了某事

I wish the work finished th is week.

[注意]wish后跟宾语从句时要用虚拟语气。

3. expect 期待、盼望、预期强调客观上可能实现的期望期待等   

expect to do sth

expect sb to do sth

expect + that 从句

1expect+n./pron .盼望或期待某物

He is expecting her letter.

Don't expect too much of him.

2expect+to do.sth.期望做某事

She expects to go there next week.

3expect+sb.to do sth.盼望某人做某事

He expects you to finish the work in time.

(4)expect+that clause期望/期待......

I expected that he wou ld come one day.

[注意] expect常用过去完成时表达过去未曾实现的期望;

另外它后面不能接带有名词的复合宾语。

4.want用于口语,表达迫切的愿望

(1)want+n./pron.想要某物

I want a new pen.

(2)want+to do sth.要做某事

I want to buy the mp3.

(3)want+sb.to do sth.()要某人做某事

The teacher wants us to clean the classroom.

(4)want+sth.done要别人把某事作了

He wants the work done at once.

(5)sth+want+doing/to be done某事需要做

The windows wants cleaning/to be cleaned.

[注意]want之后不能跟从句或“object+n.”结构作宾语。

5.mean的用法

(1) 表示意思是,有……的意思

What does this word mean?   

这个字是什么意思?

This is what is meant by “failure is the mother of success”.

失败是成功之母就是这个意思。

You mean it can be cured?

你的意思是能治好?

(2)表示,例如:

Whom do you mean by “they”?

你说他们,指的是谁?

I mean the red one, not the green one.

我说的是那个红的,不是那个绿的。

(3)表示意味着,后面可以接名词、动名词、从句。例如:

Silence means consent.

沉默就是同意。

To persevere means victory

坚持就是胜利。

To take it apart now would mean wasting a lot of labour.

(接动名词)现在把它拆卸开,就意味着浪费大量的劳动力。

Revolution means liberating the productive forces.

革命意味着解放生产力。

This mean we have to wait another week or so.

(接从句)这就意味着我们还得等一个星期左右。

注意下列情况:作为意味着含义,可以跟复合结构。 例如:

This also meant many smaller ditches to be dug and more fields to be leveled. 这意味着要挖许多小水渠和平整更多土地。

(4)表示打算;有……意图,后面接名词、代词、不跟宾语、动词不定式,不定式的复合结构。例如:

Anybody could see that he meant no harm.

谁都看得出他没有恶意。

They probably meant well.

他们或许用心是好的。

What do you mean to do with it?

你打算把它怎样处理?

I don’t mean to say we are perfect.

我不是说我们已经十全十美了。

We had meant to leave on Monday, but have stayed on.

(与完成时连用,表本打算)我们本来是想早来的。

He has always meant to get it repaired.   

他一直是想请人修一修的。

I thought you meant me to come with you.

(接不定式的复合结构)我还意为你打算让我跟你一道去呢。


文章分类: 初中英语
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